Small communities (less than 150 persons) are generally out of the scope of WASH interventions because the investments for a new construction becomes expensive compare to the number of beneficiaries. Moreover, it represents a big workload and it is difficult to have enough people for community participation.
Therefore, one option to help these villages is to develop self-supply solutions such as household water treatment. Inter Aide initiated and is supporting a network of chlorine providers and is training water committees who can chlorinate the water fetched by the rest of the community.
More details on the following document
Kansuron is a small community (55 people – 10 pots) near Kamakwie. It is one of the first community where has been launched the HHWT approach, in 2012.
In July 2015 a visit has been organised where representatives of similar small communities from the south of the district of Bombali, near Makeni, have been invited to see how the people of Kansuron are managing to chlorinate their water every morning for each household and then how they organize themselves to get money to refill their stock of chlorine.
At the same visit, were present people from Freetown such as Mr. Sam Goba, engineer of the Water Directorate, Miss Doris Bah the WaSH coordinator from the Ministry of Health, as well as M. Kandeh, assistant program manager of the Water Directorate of Bombali dt.
Trainees in charge of the chlorination are doing a demonstration
Mr. Sam Goba (left), explaining the importance of maintenance and safe clean water, in front of the improved water source
Miss Doris (center), taking the opportunity to emphasize on the importance of washing hands
Water treatment at the household level ensures that the family is in charge of the safety of their own drinking water. In communities where there is no access to an improved water point or hand pump facility, household water treatment (HHWT) provides an interesting solution for families to reduce diarrheal disease. HHWT represents an affordable solution and easy to implement in small villages, providing that the training is done thoroughly.
This document comes back on an experience conducted for more than 2 years in several small villages of the north part of Bombali District. It gives some clues on the approach followed by the project to implement HHWT: the methods to sensitize and train the community, the way to determine the good dosage, the setup of a store supply chain, and also a description of remaining bottlenecks that need to be addressed. View pdf: HHWT